animals that eat flowers

What Animals Eat Flowers?

In the vast tapestry of nature, flowers serve as a delicate and vibrant thread, attracting a diverse array of creatures to partake in their beauty. From the regal bearded dragon to the graceful deer, animals of various species find nourishment and sustenance in these floral wonders.

However, this symbiotic relationship between animals and flowers is not without its challenges. In this article, we will explore the intriguing world of animals that consume flowers, their dietary preferences, and the potential impact on our meticulously crafted flower beds and gardens.

Key Takeaways

  • Bearded dragons, tortoises, and turtles rely on flowers as a significant part of their diet, especially when other food sources are scarce.
  • Deer are opportunistic feeders and will consume flowers, causing damage to flower beds.
  • Insects, including aphids and caterpillars, are common flower eaters and can damage flowering plants.
  • Birds have varying preferences for flower components and can be potential pollinators, but they are often considered damaging to flowers.

Bearded Dragons and Tortoises/Turtles

Bearded dragons and tortoises/turtles are notable flower-eating animals. While flowers make up a significant part of their diet, there are some differences in their preferences.

Bearded dragons, native to tropical savannas and woodlands, naturally consume flowers in their habitat.

On the other hand, tortoises and turtles have a more well-behaved nature and do not ruin or consume meticulously groomed flowers.

When it comes to flower choices, hibiscus and dandelions are commonly eaten by tortoises and turtles. However, it is important to note that not all flowers are suitable for consumption by these reptiles.

For their health, it is crucial to avoid feeding them poisonous flowers such as daffodils, mistletoe, and tomato leaves.

Proper flower consumption can contribute to the overall well-being of both bearded dragons and tortoises/turtles.


Deer, another animal known for its flower-eating habits, consumes the entire flower including buds, bulbs, flowery parts, leaves, and green stems. Gardeners in regions with deer often experience damage to their flower beds, as these opportunistic feeders will gladly consume flowers when available.

Here are three strategies to protect your flower beds from deer:

  1. Fencing: Installing a sturdy fence around your flower beds can be an effective way to keep deer out. Make sure the fence is at least 8 feet tall, as deer are skilled jumpers.
  2. Repellents: Using deer repellents can deter them from approaching your flower beds. These can be in the form of sprays, motion-activated devices, or scent-based products. Be sure to reapply repellents regularly, especially after rainfall.
  3. Plant selection: Opt for flowers that are less appealing to deer, such as daffodils, lavender, yarrow, or marigolds. Deer tend to avoid plants with strong scents or those that have fuzzy or prickly leaves.


Insect consumption of flowers, particularly for their nectar, is a prevalent phenomenon that often leads to damage to flowering plants. However, it is important to note that not all insects that feed on flowers are harmful.

In fact, many insects play a crucial role in pollination as they transfer pollen from one flower to another. These nectar-feeding insects, such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds, are essential for the reproduction of many flowering plants.

On the other hand, there are also common flower-eating pests that can cause significant damage to plants. Aphids, for example, are notorious for sucking the juice out of flowers, while caterpillars devour flower parts, especially the leafy portions.

To control these pests, it is recommended to use organic insecticides, encourage natural predators like ladybugs, or physically remove the pests from the plants.


Moving on to the topic of birds and their interaction with flowers, these avian creatures have distinct preferences for different components of flowers. Here are three key points to consider:

  1. Birds and Pollination: Birds play a crucial role in the pollination process. As they visit flowers in search of nectar, pollen sticks to their feathers or beaks and gets transferred to other flowers, aiding in cross-pollination.
  2. Edible Flowers for Birds: Certain flowers are not only attractive to birds but also serve as a source of food. Coneflower, cornflower, marigolds, and black-eyed Susan are some examples of edible flowers that can be planted in gardens to attract birds.
  3. Potential Damage to Flowers: While birds can be beneficial as pollinators, they can also be damaging to flowers. Some birds may nibble on petals or even remove them entirely. Gardeners often have mixed feelings about birds visiting their flower beds, as they appreciate their beauty but worry about potential damage.

General Information

Flower consumption is a significant dietary component for various animals and plays a vital role when other food sources are scarce. Flowers are an important part of the diet for animals such as bearded dragons, tortoises, turtles, deer, insects, and birds.

For some animals, like bearded dragons and tortoises, flowers are especially important when other food sources are limited. These animals naturally consume flowers in their native habitats, and plants and flowers ideally make up a significant portion of their diet. However, it is crucial to note that some flowers can be poisonous to certain animals and should be avoided.

Additionally, flower-eating animals, such as deer, insects, and birds, can cause damage to flower beds and plants. Understanding the flower preferences of different animal species can help gardeners create environments that attract or deter specific animals.

Poisonous Flowers to Avoid

Certain flowers contain toxins that can be harmful to animals and should be avoided in their diets. It is important to be aware of these poisonous flowers, especially if you have pets or livestock that may come into contact with them. Here are three toxic flowers for pets that should be avoided:

  1. Lily of the Valley: This delicate flower may be beautiful, but it contains cardiac glycosides that can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and even heart problems in pets.
  2. Tulips: These vibrant flowers are popular in gardens, but they contain toxins called tulipalin A and B, which can cause gastrointestinal irritation, drooling, and loss of appetite in animals.
  3. Azaleas: While these flowering shrubs are a sight to behold, they contain grayanotoxins that can affect the cardiovascular and nervous systems of pets, leading to symptoms like vomiting, diarrhea, and weakness.

On the other hand, there are many edible flowers for humans that can be enjoyed in salads, desserts, or as garnishes. Some popular choices include roses, violets, and lavender. Just remember to do your research and ensure that the flowers you consume are safe for human consumption.

Tips for Protecting Flower Beds

To safeguard flower beds from potential damage, it is important to implement effective strategies and preventative measures.

Flower bed maintenance plays a crucial role in protecting the delicate blooms from animals that may be tempted to feast on them. One of the most effective ways to protect flower beds is by installing physical barriers such as fences or netting. These barriers can deter animals like deer and rabbits from accessing the flowers.

Additionally, using repellents that are specifically designed to deter animals can be helpful. Regularly inspecting the flower beds for signs of damage and promptly addressing any issues can also prevent further destruction.

Finally, planting flowers that are less appealing to animals or placing deterrent plants nearby can discourage animals from approaching the flower beds.

Frequently Asked Questions

How Do Bearded Dragons and Tortoises/Turtles Eat Flowers in Their Natural Habitats?

Bearded dragons and tortoises/turtles eat flowers in their natural habitats as part of their diet. Flowers are a significant food source for them, especially when other food is scarce. They naturally forage for flowers in their native environments.

What Are Some Common Flowers That Deer Prefer to Eat?

Common flowers that deer prefer to eat include roses, hostas, daylilies, and tulips. These beautiful blooms are irresistible to deer, leading to damage in flower beds. Gardeners often need to take precautions to protect their plants from hungry deer.

What Are the Main Reasons Why Insects Eat Flowers?

Insects eat flowers for various reasons, including obtaining nectar, feeding on the juice of flowers, and consuming the leafy parts. This behavior provides them with essential nutrients and energy, while also potentially damaging flowering plants.

Are There Any Specific Flowers That Birds Are Known to Be Attracted To?

Birds are attracted to specific flowers for their nectar or petals. This can benefit the flowers by acting as potential pollinators. However, some gardeners consider birds damaging to flowers and choose to plant edible varieties to attract them.

How Do Flower-Eating Animals Contribute to the Pollination Process?

Flower-eating animals, such as birds, insects, and deer, play an important role in the pollination process. By consuming flowers, they inadvertently transfer pollen from one flower to another, contributing to plant reproduction and genetic diversity.


In conclusion, the consumption of flowers by various animals plays a vital role in their diet and survival.

However, it is important to be aware of the potential harm certain flowers can cause, both to the animals and to the flower beds themselves.

From bearded dragons and tortoises to deer and insects, each animal has its own dietary preferences and impact on flowering plants.

By understanding these dynamics and taking necessary precautions, we can ensure the health and longevity of both the animals and the beautiful flowers they rely on.

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